Written by: Chris Riley
Medically Reviewed by: Erik Rivera
Number 1: 2019 saw an increase of Type 2 Diabetes in all racial and ethnic groups.
Summary: Type 2 Diabetes is on the rise in minority race groups, most significantly in black teens.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, December 16). The Facts, Stats, and Impacts of Diabetes. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
Number 2: Approximately 9 in 10 individuals with prediabetes or Type 2 diabetes can be avoided with lifestyle changes.
Summary: Being overweight makes one 20%-40% times more likely to develop diabetes than someone that is a healthy weight.
Source: Simple Steps to Preventing Diabetes. The Nutrition Source. (2021, March 2). Retrieved July 21, 2022.
Number 3: Worldwide prediction of adults, 20-79 years of age, living with Type 2 diabetes is expected to increase to 439 million, which represents 7.7% of the world population.
Summary: 80% of Type 2 diabetes cases worldwide are present in developing countries rather than already developed countries, with Asia being a focal point for new cases because of rapid urbanization and economic development. Furthermore, there is a noticeable increase of prediabetes factors present in young adults. Examining epigenetic and genetic influences from birth is necessary to effectively prevent type 2 diabetes.
Source: Chen, L., Magliano, D. J., & Zimmet, P. Z. (2012). The worldwide epidemiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus—present and future perspectives. Nature reviews endocrinology, 8(4), 228-236.
Number 4: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients that used Intensive insulin therapy (IIT) increased from 20% from 2002 to 31% in 2006. Out of the 4.5 million Type 2 Diabetes patients on insulin, 60% were not at their hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) target goal. 89% of patients living with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus do not inject themselves with insulin outside of the home.
Summary: The findings in the study indicate that Type 2 Diabetic patients on insulin are not in control of effective therapies. It shows a need for better education and possibly medical device innovations in order to move from standard insulin therapy to Intensive insulin therapy.
Source: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology; Norton, E. (2009). The business of intensive insulin therapy for type 2 diabetes patients: where it all began for me. Journal of diabetes science and technology, 3(6), 1521-1523.
Number 5: A self management study/program of 81 underrepresented patients resulted in a significant improvement in HbA1c levels by -0.77% and a total savings cost of $551 per patient per year for the hospital involved with the study.
Summary: Researchers at a hospital studied 81 patients from underserved/underrepresented populations that don’t typically have access to regular healthcare. This case study aimed to improve health literacy for Type 2 Diabetes in populations that have significant obstacles in receiving health treatment. It shows that self-management, along with education on Type 2 Diabetes, can be beneficial for certain populations.
Source: Population Health Management; Micklethwaite, A., Brownson, C. A., O’Toole, M. L., & Kilpatrick, K. E. (2012). The business case for a diabetes self-management intervention in a community general hospital. Population health management, 15(4), 230-235.
Number 6: 1/5th of the global burden of Type 2 diabetes was attributable to particulate matter (PM) (or air pollution). High burdens of this have increased 50% since 1990.
Summary: In this cohorted case study, they found that air pollution is a significant risk factor for Type 2 diabetes. Mitigating the air pollution could be an effective method for decreasing the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes globally.
Source: Science Direct; Burkart, K., Causey, K., Cohen, A. J., Wozniak, S. S., Salvi, D. D., Abbafati, C., … & Nangia, V. (2022). Estimates, trends, and drivers of the global burden of type 2 diabetes attributable to PM2· 5 air pollution, 1990–2019: an analysis of data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The Lancet Planetary Health, 6(7), e586-e600.
Number 7: Individuals with Type 2 diabetes are at a greater risk of contracting COVID-19 by as much as 4 times.
Summary: A study has shown patients that have Type 2 diabetes are more likely to contract COVID-19 possibly resulting in hospitalizations. Thus indicating a need to risk-manage COVID-19
Source: American Diabetes Association; Gregory, J. M., Slaughter, J. C., Duffus, S. H., Smith, T. J., LeStourgeon, L. M., Jaser, S. S., … & Moore, D. J. (2021). COVID-19 severity is tripled in the diabetes community: a prospective analysis of the pandemic’s impact in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 44(2), 526-532.
Number 8: Individuals with Type 2 diabetes and comorbid depression have a 47.9% increase in cardiovascular mortality, 32.9% increase in strokes, and 36.8% coronary heart disease.
Summary: This study presented a metaanalysis of cardiovascular mortality rates among people diagnosed with depression and Type 2 diabetes comorbidities. Thus, showing a need for evidence based therapies for cardiovascular management and/or prevention in individuals with depression.
Source: Science Direct; Farooqi, A., Khunti, K., Abner, S., Gillies, C., Morriss, R., & Seidu, S. (2019). Comorbid depression and risk of cardiac events and cardiac mortality in people with diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetes research and clinical practice, 156, 107816.
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